Characteristics of Arthropods

 Arthropods are everywhere.  Arthropods are a phylum of invertebrates that includes insects, arachnids, crustaceans, and myriapods. They are characterized by a segmented body, a hard exoskeleton, and jointed appendages. Arthropods are the most diverse group of animals on Earth, with over a million known species. They are found in all habitats, from the deepest oceans to the highest mountains.

Some of the most important characteristics of arthropods include:

  • Segmented body: Arthropods have a body that is divided into segments, each of which may have its own set of appendages.
  • Hard exoskeleton: Arthropods have a hard outer covering called an exoskeleton. The exoskeleton provides protection and support for the animal’s body.
  • Jointed appendages: Arthropods have jointed appendages, which they use for locomotion, feeding, and reproduction.
  • Open circulatory system: Arthropods have an open circulatory system, which means that the blood flows freely through the body cavity.
  • Respiratory system: Arthropods have a variety of respiratory systems, including gills, tracheae, and book lungs.
  • Nervous system: Arthropods have a centralized nervous system, which consists of a brain and a series of nerves.
  • Sense organs: Arthropods have a variety of sense organs, including eyes, antennae, and tactile hairs.
  • Reproduction: Arthropods reproduce sexually, and most species produce eggs.