Abiotic factors are nonliving components of an ecosystem, such as temperature, light, water, and soil. Biotic factors are living components of an ecosystem, such as plants, animals, and microorganisms.

Abiotic factors can have a significant impact on biotic factors. For example, the temperature of an environment can determine the types of plants and animals that can live there. The amount of light available can also affect the growth of plants and animals. Water is essential for all life, and the availability of water can determine the distribution of organisms in an ecosystem.

Here are some examples of abiotic factors:

  • Temperature
  • Light
  • Water
  • Rocks
  • Air
  • Fire

Biotic factors can also affect abiotic factors. For example, plants can help to regulate the temperature of an environment by providing shade. Animals can help to disperse seeds and nutrients, which can affect the composition of the soil. Microorganisms can help to break down organic matter, which can release nutrients into the soil.

  • Plants
  • Animals
  • Microorganisms
  • Protists
  • Bacteria
  • Fungi

In summary, biotic factors in an ecosystem are living organisms, and abiotic factors are nonliving objects in an ecosystem.