Biological Niche and Habitat

Biological Niche and Habitat

Biological niche is the role or position of an organism in its environment. It includes the organism’s physical habitat, its interactions with other organisms, and its role in the food chain.

Habitat is the physical environment in which an organism lives. It includes the climate, the soil, the water, and the vegetation.

The biological niche and habitat of an organism are closely related. The organism’s habitat provides the resources that it needs to survive, such as food, water, and shelter. The organism’s biological niche is the way that it uses these resources.

For example, a bird’s habitat might be a forest. The bird’s biological niche is the role that it plays in the forest, such as eating insects or building nests in trees.

 

bird in forest
bird desert niche

The biological niche and habitat of an organism can change over time. As the environment changes, the organism may need to adapt its niche or habitat in order to survive.

For example, a plant’s habitat might be a desert. If the climate becomes drier, the plant may need to adapt its niche by developing deeper roots or by becoming more drought-tolerant.

 

The biological niche and habitat of an organism are important concepts in ecology. They help us to understand how organisms interact with their environment and how they adapt to changes in the environment.